On October 23, 2011 there was an earthquake in Turkey. Turkey lies on the most active seismic zones in the world, which are crossed by fault lines. The earthquake ranked a 7.2 and had as many as 279 casualties. Many buildings simply crumbled to the ground killing the people in and around the area. The global population has reached over seven billion, with many of these people living in cities larger than we have ever seen and they are all at risk of earthquakes.
Even though earthquakes are unpredictable and their threat is increasing, certain precautions can be taken to lessen the damage they cause. Many large cities such as San Francisco and Tokyo for example are very well prepared for earthquakes minimizing the damage they cause by constructing sturdier buildings designed to withstand earthquakes.
However, many poor, rapidly growing cities are heavily populated and not prepared for the earthquakes. It is predicted that by the middle of the century the majority of the world’s biggest cities will be in the developing world, which will result in large numbers of people living in poorly prepared, densely populated cities maximizing earthquake damage and fatalities. In order to help with this problem, groups have been sending seismologists and architects to help the leaders in poorer cities prepare their cities for natural disasters such as earthquakes.
Topic: Soil and Geology
Source: After Turkey’s Earthquake: When Will the World Rise Up About Natural Disasters (October 2011) by Bryan Walsh Time Science