This articles focuses on the wearing away of shorelines, and the rising sea level. The rising sea level has produced dangers such as Hurricane Sandy, which according to Strauss and Kopp is only a “modest preview of the dangers to come”. As long as we continue to use fossil fuels and pollute the air, we will have this problem. There are only two methods of protection from the rise of sea level–reduce the sea level by reducing pollution, or “prepare for it by defense and retreat”. We must do both or our coastal cities will be under water.