This article describes the effort to preserve caves in Brazil’s Carajas National Forest. Human beings lived in these caves roughly 8,000 years ago. However, Brazil’s mining giant, Vale, is looking to extract the iron ore found in the forest. This would destroy these caves and many other parts of the forest. Most of Brazil’s iron ore is exported to China, and the mining industry is a valuable component of its economy. Likewise, Vale provides many thousands of jobs to the nation’s citizens. Many artifacts have been found in the forest and elsewhere, such as pieces of ceramic tools. Efforts are being made to bring mining in Carajas National Forest to an end before these caves and other structures are destroyed.
If you would like to learn more, please visit: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/16/world/americas/in-brazil-caves-would-be-lost-in-mining-project.html?pagewanted=all