During summer last year India experianced a complete shut off of electricity. It was do to the outmoded power generation stations and electrictiy transmission grid. This happened becasue India relies on coal for 55% of their electric power.
A great factor that plays into its widespread is the cost of burning coal, it is 1/3 the cost as using other renewable energy sources. And unlike solar or wind power, coal does not have to have a sunny windy day to produce electricity.
Global demand is expected to grow from 7.9 to 8.9 billion tons in 2016. China is expected to add 240 gigawatts, which is about the same as adding 160 coal-fired plants to the already running 620, all within 4 years. India will be adding 46.
Overall coal is expected to increase by 50% by 2035, and according to Mr. Catelin coal will surpass oil as the plant’s primary source for fuel!