The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has conducted a study on the populations of the coastal seas and oceans. Apparently 249, of the 1,041 known species of the rays, sharks and chimaera species fall under the three threatened categories of the IUCN. The organization has conducted the study by using all available information such as distribution, catch, abundance, population trends, habitat use, life histories, threats and conservation measures. The most threatened species are at risk of fishing, exploitation (such as the shark fin in the soup market) and also environmental degradation. This is bad because most of the species are at the top of the food chain in their ecosystems and if they go extinct it could heavily impact the entire marine ecosystem. In order to keep those endangered species safe, governments worldwide must place a prohibition of fishing on the threatened species, place science-based fishery quotas, they must protect key habitats and lastly, improve current enforcement.
– Sean Sabogal –